Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa between the Tropic of cancer and the equator. The country has a population of 75millon and covers an area of 1,251 million square kilometers.
There are only two season throughout the year. The dry season mostly lasts from October to may and the rainy season from July to September. However, in the omo region the rainy season is between March and may. Temperature 30 c to 18 c, but irregular rain can fall at any time.
ü UNESCO SITE
Lalibela- Axum -Simien Mountain National Park- Monasteries lake Tana – Tiya steale- omo National Park-Awash National Park-Bale Mountain National Park.
English is widely spoken throughout the country, but Amharic is the official language. However, multiethnic country, Ethiopia has 83 different spoken languages, and more than 200 dialects.
The local currency is called “birr.” credit cards are only accepted in international hotel and at Ethiopia Air lines offices.
Although quite slow, internet is available in most tourists’ sites.
Ethiopia follows the Gregorian calendar composed of thirteen months (12 of 13 days and one of 6 days). It is in the GMT + 3 zone
There are no mandatory inoculation for Ethiopia, but malaria Prophylactics are recommended for those traveling to the west and south.
Entry visas can be obtained directly at Addis Ababa international Airport, depending on Nationality.
Ethiopia is located in the northern part of Africa, popularly known as the horn of Africa. Ethiopia is bounded on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the north and northeast by Eritrea on the south by Kenya and on the west by the Sudan. Ethiopia is a country with one of the richest histories on the African, and a land of contrast and surprised, it is the land of fabled queen of Sheba and home of the Arc of the covenant (Tabot ). In Ethiopia some 83 indigenes language are likely to be spoken with some 200 dialects. Due to this variety of Languages and dialects, the country becomes a rich cultural mosaic or museum of various nation and nationalities. Ethiopia is also widely known for its pale anthropological discoveries recorded from different parts of the country. Ten of fourteen known early hominid species are found from pale anthropological sites in Ethiopia those fossil hominid species period 5.8 millon to 160,000 years. These findings gave substantial information for the study of human origins as well as biological evolution and develop of early human.
Geography and Climate
With a land area of 1,098,000 square kilometres, Ethiopia is five times as big as Britain.
Two principal geographical zones can be found in the country: the cool highlands and the hot lowlands that surround them.
The vast central mountain-plateau – the Ethiopian Highlands – has an average elevation of between 1800-2400 meters. It is here that the country’s major mountain-peaks are found, including the highest mountain: Ras Dashen (4620 m), Ethiopia’s highest mountain and the fourth highest in Africa.
In fact, Ethiopia has 20 mountains peaking above 4000 meters. But the country is also home to one of the lowest points on the Earth’s surface: the inhospitable Danakil Depression, which lies at more than 100 meters below sea level.
HISTORIC ROUTES ATTRACTION
Ethiopia’s uniqueness it a fascinating destination for every kind of traveler, But in particular for traveler who wants that bit more. The history that stretches back to the time of prehistoric man; to more than 3000 years old historic of Axum; the 5th century B.C Temple of Yeha, The 12th century churches of Lalibela, and the medieval castle of Gondar, Riches that encompass the historic of Ethiopia from 1st early beginning to the modern day, riches that set amongst some of the most stunning scenery in Ethiopia. Expert’s clame that such sites are only a fraction of what Ethiopia has to offer given that a further 95% remain to be discovered and excavated.
Scenery and nature
To the north historic of Ethiopia route there are dramatic mountain scenery, particularly the simian mountain constitute one of the major mountain massifs in Africa, there is a string of seven lakes along the flood of the rift valley, the Bale mountain national park is the largest Afro-Alpine habitat in Africa. It offer visitors with opportunities of mountaineering, horse trekking, and scenic driving and chance to view some of Ethiopia endemic mammals. Volcanic colorful lakes and salt deposit, mount Ertale, Lava Lake and still lies the Danakil Depression, one of the lowest point below sea level on the earth.
Bird watching tours
In the country more than 800 bird species are found and among this 16 are endemic, Ethiopia’s divers habitats, highland, lowland, lakes, and riverside system provide sites for wintering. There are many important birds’ areas that spread throughout the country, most of bird watching location in the south of Ethiopia, north of Addis Ababa and west and east of Addis Ababa. To explore birds in the country minimum you need to have 15days and for shorter tours of about 10 days. Ethiopia rich in birds, because many birds prefers and adapt to particular geographical features and subsequent unique flora and favoring habitat with unique bird species not found anywhere else.
World Heritages sites
Ethiopia is also characterized by plenty of tangible and intangible heritage. Out of the enormous cultural and historic heritage, nine are inscribed in the world heritage list. This put Ethiopia on the top of all Africa countries by inscribing a total nine cultural and natural heritages in the world list. This are
Lalibela ( rock-hewn churches )
The castles and palaces of Gonder
Aksum obelisk and surrounding archaeological site
The lower valley of the Awash pale anthropological site and pre-historical site
The lower omo valley
Tiya =proof-historical site
The simian mountain National Park
Harar wolled city
Axum, Ethiopia’s the most ancient city, and capital of one of the most glorious of the past,is one of the most illustrious link in the historic route. The Axumite empire flourished be pictured 3000 years ago. Its riches can still be pictured the magnificent stelae or obelisks, the graves of king kalebe and king Gebre Meskel, and the legendary bath of the queen of Sheba.
King lalibela is credited with the foundation of the 11 Rock-hewn in 12th century. One of the world most incredible man creation, they are a lasting monument to mans faith in God. These remarkable edifices were carved out of the solid roc, in a region where the rugged land scope.
Gondar, was the capital of Ethiopia in 17th century , renowned for its medieval castles and churches. The primary attraction is the “ Royal compound” with majestic castles. Outside this enclave, there are fascinating historic sites such as the Bath of Fasiledes, the Monastery of Quswoam and the icon rich Monastry of Debre Berhan Selassie.
The town set on the south eastern shore of lake ( Ethiopia Largest lake) ,where local fishermen still use papyrus boats, and just 30 km. from the falls, from Bahar Dar you can explore some of the ancient monastery that built around lake Tana, on the many Island,
These includes Deke Stephon with its priceless collection of icon,as well as the remains of several medival emperors, Kebran Gabriel ( closed to women), and Ura Kidane Mehret.