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Travel Tips

Travel Tips


Ethiopia is located in the north-eastern part of Africa, popularly known as the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia shares boundaries in the east with Djibouti and Somalia, on the north and northeast with Eritrea, on the south with Kenya and on the west with the Sudan. The country covers an area of 1.14 million square kilometers {944, 000 square miles}.


There are three principal climatic Zones in Ethiopia: tropical rainy, dry and warm temperate and rainy climate. There are two major seasons: the dry season which prevails from October through May, and the wet season which runs from June to September.


Ethiopia is a country of great geographical diversity; it has high rugged mountains, flat-topped plateaus, deep gorges, incised river valleys and vast rolling plains. Its altitude ranges from the highest peak at Ras Dashen {4,620 meter above sea level} down to the Dalol Depression, which is about 148 meters below sea level. It is also a country endowed with a vast number of rivers, some of which flow beyond its boundaries to the arid regions of neighboring countries carrying billions upon billions of cubic meters of water and rich alluvial soil.
The most famous Ethiopian river is the Blue Nile {or Abbay}, which runs a distance of 1,450 kilometers from its source in Lake Tana, to join the White Nile at Khartoum.

People and language

Ethiopia embraces a complex variety of nationalities and peoples. The population is estimated at 85 million, over 50 percent of who are under the age of 20.
Ethiopians are generally considered as courteous, hospitable, trust worthy, sincere and friendly. Homer in his book Iliad wrote that “Ethiopians are a blameless race with whom the gods have dined’.
The people of Ethiopia altogether speak over 83 languages with 200 dialects. Amharic is the working language of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, while Afan Oromo, Tigrigna and Guragigna are widely spoken.


About 90 percent of the population earn their living from the land, mainly as subsistence farmers. Agriculture is the back bone of the national economy and the principal export from the sector are coffee, oilseed, pulses, flowers etc. There is also a thriving livestock sector, exporting cattle on the hoof and hides.


Ethiopia is in GMT+3Hours time zone. Ethiopia follows the Julian calendar, which consists of twelve months of 30 days each and a thirteenth month of five or six days.

Electric supply

Ethiopia Users 220 volts 50 cycles AC.

Public Holidays

Public holidays are celebrated according to the Julian calendar which consists of thirteen months of 30 days each while the last month has only five days {six days in leap years}. The calendar is seven years behind the western or Gregorian calendar, with New Year falling in the month of September.


Public Holidays

September 11

Ethiopian new year

September 27

The finding of the true cross {meskel}

October 2

Id al Fitr {Ramadhan}

December 9

Id al Ahda (Sacrifice)

January 8

Ethiopian Christmas

January 20

Ethiopian Epiphany

March 2

Victory of Adwa

March 20

Birth of Prophet Mohammed (Mauwlid)

April 25

Ethiopian Good Friday

April 27

Ethiopian Easter

May 1

International Labor day

May 5

Ethiopian Patriots’ Victory day

May 28

Downfall of the Dergue Regime

“The holidays of Id al Fater and Id al Adaha and the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) are subject to moon sighting.


Last Updated (Friday, 26 April 2013 05:10)

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